Women make up fewer than 30% of researchers worldwide. In Spain, women occupy 25% of university full professorships and represent 28% of professionals who develop their careers in high and medium-high technology sectors. Since 2012, the International Day of Women and Girls in Science has been celebrated on February 11, a date on which a special call goes out for women and girls’ full and equal access to and participation in this sector.
Increasingly more studies confirm that gender stereotypes are the main reason the presence of women in science is so low. The absence of female points of reference in the field of science undoubtedly influences the invisibility of many of the achievements made by women.
If there is a way to change gender stereotypes, it is with examples. Women are excellent scientists, engineers, doctors and mathematicians, and proof of this lies in the outstanding accomplishments they have made in the world of technology and science throughout history.
Today, there are countless women leading innovative research projects. What path have they taken to reach these positions? What are the best strategies to eradicate the gender inequality that undermines the development of women's scientific careers on a daily basis? Is our society ready to do this?
Blanca Fuentes, section head at the Department of Neurology of La Paz University Hospital. Researcher at the Health Research Institute of La Paz University Hospital (IdiPAZ).
Carmen Gil, researcher of the Translational Medicinal and Biological Chemistry research group of the Margarita Salas Centre for Biological Research (CIB-CSIC).
Almudena Ramiro, head of the B Lymphocyte Biology laboratory of the Spanish National Centre for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC).
María Soledad Soengas, leader of the Melanoma Research Group of the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO).
Genma Triola, Chemical Biology group leader at the Institute for Advanced Chemistry of Catalonia (IQAC-CSIC).
Nuria Campillo, researcher at the Margarita Salas Centre for Biological Research (CIB-CSIC), expert in entrepreneurship and scientific communication.