This journey from the Arctic to Antarctica takes a look at some of the most stunning natural landscapes on Earth, many of which are considered “hotspots”: ecoregions that are significant reservoirs of biodiversity, with a large number of endemic species (species only found there), and are seriously threatened by human activity.
More than half of the world’s plant species and over one third of the mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians inhabit just 2.3 % of the Earth’s surface, and the majority live in tropical habitats that are swiftly being destroyed. The alarming loss of biological diversity is accelerating at an unprecedented rate.
According to Conservation International, there are currently 38 hotspots around the world. Although these areas once covered approximately 16 % of the Earth’s surface, today 86 % of their habitat has been destroyed.